내용으로 건너뛰기 문서 내비게이션으로 건너뛰기
// Borders

테두리 유틸리티를 사용하여 요소의 테두리 및 테두리 반경 스타일을 빠르게 지정합니다. 이미지, 버튼 또는 기타 요소에 적합합니다.

테두리

테두리 유틸리티를 사용하여 요소에 테두리를 추가하거나 제거합니다. 모든 테두리를 선택하거나 한 번에 하나씩 선택 하세요.

테두리 방향

커스텀 요소에 테두리를 추가하세요:

html
<span class="border"></span>
<span class="border-top"></span>
<span class="border-end"></span>
<span class="border-bottom"></span>
<span class="border-start"></span>

반전 방향

또는 테두리를 제거하세요:

html
<span class="border border-0"></span>
<span class="border border-top-0"></span>
<span class="border border-end-0"></span>
<span class="border border-bottom-0"></span>
<span class="border border-start-0"></span>

색상

원래 $theme-colors Sass 맵에서 생성된 .border-*와 같은 테두리 유틸리티는 아직 색상 모드에 반응하지 않지만, .border-*-subtle 유틸리티는 반응합니다. 이 문제는 v6에서 해결될 예정입니다.

테마 색상에 사전정의된 유틸리티를 사용하여 테두리 색상을 변경하십시오.

html
<span class="border border-primary"></span>
<span class="border border-primary-subtle"></span>
<span class="border border-secondary"></span>
<span class="border border-secondary-subtle"></span>
<span class="border border-success"></span>
<span class="border border-success-subtle"></span>
<span class="border border-danger"></span>
<span class="border border-danger-subtle"></span>
<span class="border border-warning"></span>
<span class="border border-warning-subtle"></span>
<span class="border border-info"></span>
<span class="border border-info-subtle"></span>
<span class="border border-light"></span>
<span class="border border-light-subtle"></span>
<span class="border border-dark"></span>
<span class="border border-dark-subtle"></span>
<span class="border border-black"></span>
<span class="border border-white"></span>

또는 컴포넌트의 기본 border-color를 수정합니다:

Dangerous heading
Changing border color and width
html
<div class="mb-4">
  <label for="exampleFormControlInput1" class="form-label">Email address</label>
  <input type="email" class="form-control border-success" id="exampleFormControlInput1" placeholder="name@example.com">
</div>

<div class="h4 pb-2 mb-4 text-danger border-bottom border-danger">
  Dangerous heading
</div>

<div class="p-3 bg-info bg-opacity-10 border border-info border-start-0 rounded-end">
  Changing border color and width
</div>

불투명도

v5.2.0에서 추가됨

Bootstrap border-{color} 유틸리티는 CSS 변수를 사용하여 Sass로 생성됩니다. 이를 통해 컴파일 없이 실시간으로 색상을 변경하고 동적 알파 투명도를 변경할 수 있습니다.

작동 방식

기본 .border-success 유틸리티를 살펴보겠습니다.

.border-success {
  --bs-border-opacity: 1;
  border-color: rgba(var(--bs-success-rgb), var(--bs-border-opacity)) !important;
}

여기서는 --bs-success(25, 135, 84 값) CSS 변수의 RGB 버전을 사용하고 알파 투명도를 위해 두 번째 CSS 변수인 --bs-border-opacity를 첨부했습니다(로컬 CSS 변수 덕분에 기본값은 1입니다). 즉, 이제 .border-success를 사용할 때마다 계산된 color 값은 rgba(25, 135, 84, 1)가 됩니다. 각 .border-* 클래스 내부의 로컬 CSS 변수는 상속 문제를 방지하므로 유틸리티의 중첩된 인스턴스는 자동으로 알파 투명도가 수정되지 않습니다.

예시

이 불투명도를 변경하려면 사용자 정의 스타일 또는 인라인 스타일을 통해 --bs-border-opacity를 재정의하면 됩니다.

This is default success border
This is 50% opacity success border
html
<div class="border border-success p-2 mb-2">This is default success border</div>
<div class="border border-success p-2" style="--bs-border-opacity: .5;">This is 50% opacity success border</div>

또는 .border-opacity 유틸리티 중 하나를 선택해도 됩니다:

This is default success border
This is 75% opacity success border
This is 50% opacity success border
This is 25% opacity success border
This is 10% opacity success border
html
<div class="border border-success p-2 mb-2">This is default success border</div>
<div class="border border-success p-2 mb-2 border-opacity-75">This is 75% opacity success border</div>
<div class="border border-success p-2 mb-2 border-opacity-50">This is 50% opacity success border</div>
<div class="border border-success p-2 mb-2 border-opacity-25">This is 25% opacity success border</div>
<div class="border border-success p-2 border-opacity-10">This is 10% opacity success border</div>

두깨

html
<span class="border border-1"></span>
<span class="border border-2"></span>
<span class="border border-3"></span>
<span class="border border-4"></span>
<span class="border border-5"></span>

모서리

요소에 클래스를 추가하여 모서리를 쉽게 둥근형태로 만듭니다.

Example rounded image75x75 Example top rounded image75x75 Example right rounded image75x75 Example bottom rounded image75x75 Example left rounded image75x75 Completely round image75x75 Rounded pill image150x75
html
<img src="..." class="rounded" alt="...">
<img src="..." class="rounded-top" alt="...">
<img src="..." class="rounded-end" alt="...">
<img src="..." class="rounded-bottom" alt="...">
<img src="..." class="rounded-start" alt="...">
<img src="..." class="rounded-circle" alt="...">
<img src="..." class="rounded-pill" alt="...">

크기

스케일링 클래스를 사용해 더 둥글거나 덜 둥근 모서리로 지정합니다. 0에서 5 까지 지정할 수 있으며 유틸리티 API를 수정하여 구성 할 수 있습니다.

Example non-rounded image75x75 Example small rounded image75x75 Example default rounded image75x75 Example large rounded image75x75 Example larger rounded image75x75 Example extra large rounded image75x75
html
<img src="..." class="rounded-0" alt="...">
<img src="..." class="rounded-1" alt="...">
<img src="..." class="rounded-2" alt="...">
<img src="..." class="rounded-3" alt="...">
<img src="..." class="rounded-4" alt="...">
<img src="..." class="rounded-5" alt="...">
Example small rounded image75x75 Example default left rounded image75x75 Example right completely round image75x75 Example left rounded pill image75x75 Example extra large bottom rounded image75x75
html
<img src="..." class="rounded-bottom-1" alt="...">
<img src="..." class="rounded-start-2" alt="...">
<img src="..." class="rounded-end-circle" alt="...">
<img src="..." class="rounded-start-pill" alt="...">
<img src="..." class="rounded-5 rounded-top-0" alt="...">

CSS

변수

v5.2.0에서 추가됨
--#{$prefix}border-width: #{$border-width};
--#{$prefix}border-style: #{$border-style};
--#{$prefix}border-color: #{$border-color};
--#{$prefix}border-color-translucent: #{$border-color-translucent};

--#{$prefix}border-radius: #{$border-radius};
--#{$prefix}border-radius-sm: #{$border-radius-sm};
--#{$prefix}border-radius-lg: #{$border-radius-lg};
--#{$prefix}border-radius-xl: #{$border-radius-xl};
--#{$prefix}border-radius-xxl: #{$border-radius-xxl};
--#{$prefix}border-radius-2xl: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-xxl); // Deprecated in v5.3.0 for consistency
--#{$prefix}border-radius-pill: #{$border-radius-pill};

Sass 변수

$border-width:                1px;
$border-widths: (
  1: 1px,
  2: 2px,
  3: 3px,
  4: 4px,
  5: 5px
);
$border-style:                solid;
$border-color:                $gray-300;
$border-color-translucent:    rgba($black, .175);
$border-radius:               .375rem;
$border-radius-sm:            .25rem;
$border-radius-lg:            .5rem;
$border-radius-xl:            1rem;
$border-radius-xxl:           2rem;
$border-radius-pill:          50rem;

.border-*-subtle 유틸리티에서 border-color를 밝고 어두운 모드로 설정하기 위한 변수입니다:

$primary-border-subtle:   tint-color($primary, 60%);
$secondary-border-subtle: tint-color($secondary, 60%);
$success-border-subtle:   tint-color($success, 60%);
$info-border-subtle:      tint-color($info, 60%);
$warning-border-subtle:   tint-color($warning, 60%);
$danger-border-subtle:    tint-color($danger, 60%);
$light-border-subtle:     $gray-200;
$dark-border-subtle:      $gray-500;
$primary-border-subtle-dark:        shade-color($primary, 40%);
$secondary-border-subtle-dark:      shade-color($secondary, 40%);
$success-border-subtle-dark:        shade-color($success, 40%);
$info-border-subtle-dark:           shade-color($info, 40%);
$warning-border-subtle-dark:        shade-color($warning, 40%);
$danger-border-subtle-dark:         shade-color($danger, 40%);
$light-border-subtle-dark:          $gray-700;
$dark-border-subtle-dark:           $gray-800;

Sass 맵

컬러 모드 적응형 테두리 색상은 Sass 맵으로도 사용할 수 있습니다:

$theme-colors-border-subtle: (
  "primary": $primary-border-subtle,
  "secondary": $secondary-border-subtle,
  "success": $success-border-subtle,
  "info": $info-border-subtle,
  "warning": $warning-border-subtle,
  "danger": $danger-border-subtle,
  "light": $light-border-subtle,
  "dark": $dark-border-subtle,
);
$theme-colors-border-subtle-dark: (
  "primary": $primary-border-subtle-dark,
  "secondary": $secondary-border-subtle-dark,
  "success": $success-border-subtle-dark,
  "info": $info-border-subtle-dark,
  "warning": $warning-border-subtle-dark,
  "danger": $danger-border-subtle-dark,
  "light": $light-border-subtle-dark,
  "dark": $dark-border-subtle-dark,
);

Sass 믹스인

@mixin border-radius($radius: $border-radius, $fallback-border-radius: false) {
  @if $enable-rounded {
    border-radius: valid-radius($radius);
  }
  @else if $fallback-border-radius != false {
    border-radius: $fallback-border-radius;
  }
}

@mixin border-top-radius($radius: $border-radius) {
  @if $enable-rounded {
    border-top-left-radius: valid-radius($radius);
    border-top-right-radius: valid-radius($radius);
  }
}

@mixin border-end-radius($radius: $border-radius) {
  @if $enable-rounded {
    border-top-right-radius: valid-radius($radius);
    border-bottom-right-radius: valid-radius($radius);
  }
}

@mixin border-bottom-radius($radius: $border-radius) {
  @if $enable-rounded {
    border-bottom-right-radius: valid-radius($radius);
    border-bottom-left-radius: valid-radius($radius);
  }
}

@mixin border-start-radius($radius: $border-radius) {
  @if $enable-rounded {
    border-top-left-radius: valid-radius($radius);
    border-bottom-left-radius: valid-radius($radius);
  }
}

@mixin border-top-start-radius($radius: $border-radius) {
  @if $enable-rounded {
    border-top-left-radius: valid-radius($radius);
  }
}

@mixin border-top-end-radius($radius: $border-radius) {
  @if $enable-rounded {
    border-top-right-radius: valid-radius($radius);
  }
}

@mixin border-bottom-end-radius($radius: $border-radius) {
  @if $enable-rounded {
    border-bottom-right-radius: valid-radius($radius);
  }
}

@mixin border-bottom-start-radius($radius: $border-radius) {
  @if $enable-rounded {
    border-bottom-left-radius: valid-radius($radius);
  }
}

Sass 유틸리티 API

테두리 유틸리티는 scss / _utilities.scss의 유틸리티 API에 선언되어 있습니다. [유틸리티 API 사용 방법 알아보기] (/docs/5.3/utilities/api/# using-the-api)

"border": (
  property: border,
  values: (
    null: var(--#{$prefix}border-width) var(--#{$prefix}border-style) var(--#{$prefix}border-color),
    0: 0,
  )
),
"border-top": (
  property: border-top,
  values: (
    null: var(--#{$prefix}border-width) var(--#{$prefix}border-style) var(--#{$prefix}border-color),
    0: 0,
  )
),
"border-end": (
  property: border-right,
  class: border-end,
  values: (
    null: var(--#{$prefix}border-width) var(--#{$prefix}border-style) var(--#{$prefix}border-color),
    0: 0,
  )
),
"border-bottom": (
  property: border-bottom,
  values: (
    null: var(--#{$prefix}border-width) var(--#{$prefix}border-style) var(--#{$prefix}border-color),
    0: 0,
  )
),
"border-start": (
  property: border-left,
  class: border-start,
  values: (
    null: var(--#{$prefix}border-width) var(--#{$prefix}border-style) var(--#{$prefix}border-color),
    0: 0,
  )
),
"border-color": (
  property: border-color,
  class: border,
  local-vars: (
    "border-opacity": 1
  ),
  values: $utilities-border-colors
),
"subtle-border-color": (
  property: border-color,
  class: border,
  values: $utilities-border-subtle
),
"border-width": (
  property: border-width,
  class: border,
  values: $border-widths
),
"border-opacity": (
  css-var: true,
  class: border-opacity,
  values: (
    10: .1,
    25: .25,
    50: .5,
    75: .75,
    100: 1
  )
),
"rounded": (
  property: border-radius,
  class: rounded,
  values: (
    null: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius),
    0: 0,
    1: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-sm),
    2: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius),
    3: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-lg),
    4: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-xl),
    5: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-xxl),
    circle: 50%,
    pill: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-pill)
  )
),
"rounded-top": (
  property: border-top-left-radius border-top-right-radius,
  class: rounded-top,
  values: (
    null: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius),
    0: 0,
    1: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-sm),
    2: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius),
    3: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-lg),
    4: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-xl),
    5: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-xxl),
    circle: 50%,
    pill: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-pill)
  )
),
"rounded-end": (
  property: border-top-right-radius border-bottom-right-radius,
  class: rounded-end,
  values: (
    null: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius),
    0: 0,
    1: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-sm),
    2: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius),
    3: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-lg),
    4: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-xl),
    5: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-xxl),
    circle: 50%,
    pill: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-pill)
  )
),
"rounded-bottom": (
  property: border-bottom-right-radius border-bottom-left-radius,
  class: rounded-bottom,
  values: (
    null: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius),
    0: 0,
    1: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-sm),
    2: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius),
    3: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-lg),
    4: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-xl),
    5: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-xxl),
    circle: 50%,
    pill: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-pill)
  )
),
"rounded-start": (
  property: border-bottom-left-radius border-top-left-radius,
  class: rounded-start,
  values: (
    null: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius),
    0: 0,
    1: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-sm),
    2: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius),
    3: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-lg),
    4: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-xl),
    5: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-xxl),
    circle: 50%,
    pill: var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-pill)
  )
),