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Floating labels

Create beautifully simple form labels that float over your input fields.

Example

Wrap a pair of <input class="form-control"> and <label> elements in .form-floating to enable floating labels with Bootstrap’s textual form fields. A placeholder is required on each <input> as our method of CSS-only floating labels uses the :placeholder-shown pseudo-element. Also note that the <input> must come first so we can utilize a sibling selector (e.g., ~).

<div class="form-floating mb-3">
  <input type="email" class="form-control" id="floatingInput" placeholder="name@example.com">
  <label for="floatingInput">Email address</label>
</div>
<div class="form-floating">
  <input type="password" class="form-control" id="floatingPassword" placeholder="Password">
  <label for="floatingPassword">Password</label>
</div>

When there’s a value already defined, <label>s will automatically adjust to their floated position.

<form class="form-floating">
  <input type="email" class="form-control" id="floatingInputValue" placeholder="name@example.com" value="test@example.com">
  <label for="floatingInputValue">Input with value</label>
</form>

Form validation styles also work as expected.

<form class="form-floating">
  <input type="email" class="form-control is-invalid" id="floatingInputInvalid" placeholder="name@example.com" value="test@example.com">
  <label for="floatingInputInvalid">Invalid input</label>
</form>

Textareas

By default, <textarea>s with .form-control will be the same height as <input>s.

<div class="form-floating">
  <textarea class="form-control" placeholder="Leave a comment here" id="floatingTextarea"></textarea>
  <label for="floatingTextarea">Comments</label>
</div>

To set a custom height on your <textarea>, do not use the rows attribute. Instead, set an explicit height (either inline or via custom CSS).

<div class="form-floating">
  <textarea class="form-control" placeholder="Leave a comment here" id="floatingTextarea2" style="height: 100px"></textarea>
  <label for="floatingTextarea2">Comments</label>
</div>

Selects

Other than .form-control, floating labels are only available on .form-selects. They work in the same way, but unlike <input>s, they’ll always show the <label> in its floated state.

<div class="form-floating">
  <select class="form-select" id="floatingSelect" aria-label="Floating label select example">
    <option selected>Open this select menu</option>
    <option value="1">One</option>
    <option value="2">Two</option>
    <option value="3">Three</option>
  </select>
  <label for="floatingSelect">Works with selects</label>
</div>

Layout

When working with the Bootstrap grid system, be sure to place form elements within column classes.

<div class="row g-2">
  <div class="col-md">
    <div class="form-floating">
      <input type="email" class="form-control" id="floatingInputGrid" placeholder="name@example.com" value="mdo@example.com">
      <label for="floatingInputGrid">Email address</label>
    </div>
  </div>
  <div class="col-md">
    <div class="form-floating">
      <select class="form-select" id="floatingSelectGrid" aria-label="Floating label select example">
        <option selected>Open this select menu</option>
        <option value="1">One</option>
        <option value="2">Two</option>
        <option value="3">Three</option>
      </select>
      <label for="floatingSelectGrid">Works with selects</label>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>